幸运赛车开奖结果

幸运赛车开奖结果

 ENTERPRISE CULTURE

人民日报:提升我国企业在全球价值链中的地位

发布时间: 2016-07-08 17:06:12   作者:本站编辑   来源: 本站原创   浏览次数:

20世(shi)纪(ji)90年代以(yi)来(lai),在(zai)经(jing)济(ji)全球(qiu)化浪潮推动下,全球(qiu)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)界发生(sheng)了巨大变革,其(qi)中最(zui)引人(ren)注目的是(shi)跨国(guo)公(gong)(gong)司(si)(si)向全球(qiu)公(gong)(gong)司(si)(si)转型。跨国(guo)公(gong)(gong)司(si)(si)突破传统的国(guo)家地理(li)界限,将价值(zhi)链(lian)各个主要环节在(zai)全球(qiu)布局,吸纳和整(zheng)合全球(qiu)最(zui)优质资(zi)源,以(yi)增强企(qi)业(ye)(ye)竞(jing)争(zheng)(zheng)力(li)。大批跨国(guo)公(gong)(gong)司(si)(si)海(hai)(hai)外资(zi)产、海(hai)(hai)外员工、海(hai)(hai)外销售额的比重均超过半数(shu)。与(yu)之(zhi)伴生(sheng)的是(shi),企(qi)业(ye)(ye)价值(zhi)链(lian)延(yan)伸到全球(qiu),并形成全球(qiu)价值(zhi)链(lian)。当今国(guo)际经(jing)济(ji)竞(jing)争(zheng)(zheng),不仅(jin)是(shi)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)产品竞(jing)争(zheng)(zheng),而且是(shi)整(zheng)个价值(zhi)链(lian)竞(jing)争(zheng)(zheng)。

改(gai)革(ge)开放以来,我国(guo)(guo)主要依靠低成(cheng)本优(you)势(shi)参与(yu)国(guo)(guo)际(ji)分工,逐步嵌入(ru)(ru)全(quan)(quan)(quan)球(qiu)(qiu)制(zhi)造业(ye)(ye)(ye)价(jia)(jia)(jia)值(zhi)(zhi)链(lian)(lian)的加(jia)(jia)工环节,推动了工业(ye)(ye)(ye)化进(jin)(jin)程,并成(cheng)长(zhang)为(wei)世(shi)界制(zhi)造中(zhong)心(xin)。但由(you)于出(chu)口产品科技含量(liang)和附(fu)加(jia)(jia)值(zhi)(zhi)较低,我国(guo)(guo)企业(ye)(ye)(ye)大(da)多处(chu)于全(quan)(quan)(quan)球(qiu)(qiu)价(jia)(jia)(jia)值(zhi)(zhi)链(lian)(lian)低端。如今,我国(guo)(guo)总体经济(ji)实力增(zeng)(zeng)强,一批大(da)型企业(ye)(ye)(ye)集团进(jin)(jin)入(ru)(ru)世(shi)界500强行列,具备(bei)了所有权(quan)优(you)势(shi)、内部化优(you)势(shi)和区位(wei)优(you)势(shi),一些行业(ye)(ye)(ye)具备(bei)国(guo)(guo)际(ji)优(you)势(shi)产能(neng)。同时,国(guo)(guo)家外(wai)汇储备(bei)规模庞大(da),有能(neng)力扩大(da)对外(wai)投资。在这一情势(shi)下,应充分利用(yong)全(quan)(quan)(quan)球(qiu)(qiu)价(jia)(jia)(jia)值(zhi)(zhi)链(lian)(lian)重(zhong)构(gou)的历史机(ji)遇,把提升(sheng)我国(guo)(guo)在全(quan)(quan)(quan)球(qiu)(qiu)价(jia)(jia)(jia)值(zhi)(zhi)链(lian)(lian)中(zhong)的地位(wei)作为(wei)经济(ji)结构(gou)转型升(sheng)级的努力方向,制(zhi)定相关(guan)政策,主动融入(ru)(ru)全(quan)(quan)(quan)球(qiu)(qiu)价(jia)(jia)(jia)值(zhi)(zhi)链(lian)(lian),整合国(guo)(guo)际(ji)优(you)质(zhi)资源,增(zeng)(zeng)强企业(ye)(ye)(ye)国(guo)(guo)际(ji)竞争力,提升(sheng)在全(quan)(quan)(quan)球(qiu)(qiu)价(jia)(jia)(jia)值(zhi)(zhi)链(lian)(lian)中(zhong)的地位(wei),并打(da)造自己主导的全(quan)(quan)(quan)球(qiu)(qiu)价(jia)(jia)(jia)值(zhi)(zhi)链(lian)(lian)。

鼓励(li)企业(ye)确立全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)球(qiu)型(xing)发(fa)展战略和(he)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)结构(gou)。在全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)球(qiu)价值(zhi)链(lian)(lian)重构(gou)中(zhong)(zhong),我(wo)国企业(ye)面对全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)球(qiu)型(xing)公(gong)(gong)司(si)的(de)激烈(lie)竞争,只有建(jian)立自己的(de)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)球(qiu)型(xing)公(gong)(gong)司(si),并顺应全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)球(qiu)型(xing)公(gong)(gong)司(si)发(fa)展要求变(bian)革经营(ying)理(li)(li)念,调(diao)整公(gong)(gong)司(si)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)结构(gou),充分利(li)用全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)球(qiu)的(de)技术、资本、市(shi)场(chang)、人才(cai)、信息、营(ying)销渠道、先进(jin)管(guan)理(li)(li)经验等优质资源,才(cai)能(neng)赢(ying)得国际(ji)竞争。在经营(ying)战略上(shang),依托全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)球(qiu)资源,在全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)球(qiu)设置采购(gou)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)、制造(zao)组装中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)、研究设计中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)、营(ying)销中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)、服务中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)和(he)管(guan)理(li)(li)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin),通(tong)过价值(zhi)链(lian)(lian)若干环(huan)节外包(bao)或(huo)企业(ye)并购(gou)来打造(zao)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)球(qiu)价值(zhi)链(lian)(lian)。在企业(ye)管(guan)理(li)(li)上(shang),从中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)辐射型(xing)管(guan)理(li)(li)向全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)球(qiu)网(wang)络型(xing)管(guan)理(li)(li)以及全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)球(qiu)价值(zhi)链(lian)(lian)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)转(zhuan)变(bian)。在企业(ye)责(ze)任上(shang),从为股(gu)东(dong)利(li)益服务、实现股(gu)东(dong)利(li)益最大(da)化向履(lv)行包(bao)括股(gu)东(dong)、全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)球(qiu)社会责(ze)任和(he)环(huan)境(jing)责(ze)任在内的(de)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)面责(ze)任转(zhuan)变(bian)。

培(pei)育以(yi)设计、研(yan)发(fa)、营销(xiao)、服(fu)(fu)务为(wei)核心竞争力(li)的新(xin)优势。基(ji)于全球(qiu)价值(zhi)链发(fa)展和重构(gou)的现实,在巩固我国制(zhi)(zhi)造大国地(di)位(wei)的同时,叫响中国设计、中国创造、中国营销(xiao)和中国服(fu)(fu)务。缺乏自主(zhu)创新(xin)能力(li)是制(zhi)(zhi)约我国企业提(ti)升价值(zhi)链地(di)位(wei)的主(zhu)要因素,必须充分利用全球(qiu)资源,在强调设计研(yan)发(fa)的原始创新(xin)的同时,积极与全球(qiu)价值(zhi)链中的先进(jin)(jin)企业合作,加快(kuai)引进(jin)(jin)消化吸收再(zai)创新(xin)。

促进(jin)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)贸易(yi)自(zi)由化(hua)。全(quan)球(qiu)价值(zhi)链(lian)(lian)发(fa)展和(he)重(zhong)构不仅仅发(fa)生(sheng)(sheng)在(zai)生(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)领(ling)(ling)域(yu),而(er)且(qie)(qie)更(geng)广泛地拓展到服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)领(ling)(ling)域(yu)。在(zai)全(quan)球(qiu)价值(zhi)链(lian)(lian)形成和(he)重(zhong)构中(zhong),全(quan)球(qiu)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)分工(gong)网络(luo)体(ti)系发(fa)展迅猛,服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)渗(shen)透到生(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)的(de)每一个环节,整(zheng)(zheng)合协调着全(quan)球(qiu)化(hua)生(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)的(de)各个方面(mian)。服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)贸易(yi)自(zi)由化(hua)不仅有助(zhu)于(yu)利(li)用国(guo)际(ji)高(gao)效(xiao)优质服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)提升(sheng)我国(guo)制(zhi)造业在(zai)全(quan)球(qiu)价值(zhi)链(lian)(lian)中(zhong)的(de)竞争(zheng)力,而(er)且(qie)(qie)有助(zhu)于(yu)我国(guo)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)资源(yuan)进(jin)入(ru)国(guo)际(ji)市场,参与整(zheng)(zheng)合全(quan)球(qiu)价值(zhi)链(lian)(lian),在(zai)国(guo)际(ji)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)贸易(yi)发(fa)展中(zhong)获益。

改革国(guo)际(ji)贸(mao)(mao)易(yi)(yi)(yi)统(tong)(tong)计方法(fa)。现(xian)行(xing)国(guo)际(ji)贸(mao)(mao)易(yi)(yi)(yi)统(tong)(tong)计更(geng)加(jia)关注(zhu)进出口(kou)商品(pin)总值(zhi)(zhi),不能(neng)反映全(quan)(quan)球价值(zhi)(zhi)链和贸(mao)(mao)易(yi)(yi)(yi)增(zeng)加(jia)值(zhi)(zhi)情况(kuang),扭曲了(le)真实的(de)(de)贸(mao)(mao)易(yi)(yi)(yi)流(liu)向和国(guo)际(ji)竞争(zheng)力水平。有(you)关政府部门应(ying)加(jia)强与(yu)国(guo)际(ji)组织的(de)(de)合(he)作,积极参与(yu)国(guo)际(ji)贸(mao)(mao)易(yi)(yi)(yi)统(tong)(tong)计规则的(de)(de)制定,以(yi)贸(mao)(mao)易(yi)(yi)(yi)增(zeng)加(jia)值(zhi)(zhi)核算弥补传统(tong)(tong)贸(mao)(mao)易(yi)(yi)(yi)统(tong)(tong)计体系的(de)(de)缺陷,并引导企业更(geng)加(jia)关注(zhu)在全(quan)(quan)球价值(zhi)(zhi)链中的(de)(de)地位,鼓励企业致力于提高贸(mao)(mao)易(yi)(yi)(yi)增(zeng)加(jia)值(zhi)(zhi)。

改(gai)善营商(shang)环(huan)(huan)境(jing)。创造各种所有制企(qi)(qi)业(ye)平等、公平参与(yu)市场竞(jing)争的制度(du)条(tiao)件,继续(xu)推进行(xing)(xing)政管理(li)体(ti)(ti)制改(gai)革和投融(rong)资体(ti)(ti)制改(gai)革,全(quan)面实行(xing)(xing)准(zhun)入前国(guo)民(min)待遇加负面清单管理(li)制度(du),简化行(xing)(xing)政审批(pi)手续(xu),扩大市场准(zhun)入,吸引全(quan)球(qiu)价(jia)值链各环(huan)(huan)节在(zai)我(wo)国(guo)落地,在(zai)与(yu)跨国(guo)公司合作竞(jing)争中(zhong)提升我(wo)国(guo)企(qi)(qi)业(ye)的价(jia)值链水(shui)平。财政、税收(shou)、金融(rong)、保险(xian)等部门(men)应通力(li)协作,支持企(qi)(qi)业(ye)走出去,提升在(zai)全(quan)球(qiu)价(jia)值链中(zhong)的地位。

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