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国务院关于进一步加强新时期爱国卫生工作的意见

发布时间: 2018-03-09 16:20:08   作者:本站编辑   来源: 本站原创   浏览次数:
 
 
国(guo)务院关(guan)于进一步加强(qiang)新时期(qi)爱国(guo)卫生工作的意见
 
国(guo)发(fa)〔2014〕66号
 
各省(sheng)、自(zi)治区(qu)、直辖市人民政府,国务院各部委(wei)、各直属机构:
 
  党的(de)(de)十八(ba)大明(ming)(ming)确(que)提(ti)(ti)出,开(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)爱国(guo)卫生(sheng)运动(dong),促进(jin)(jin)人(ren)民(min)身心健康(kang)(kang)。党的(de)(de)十八(ba)届三中(zhong)、四(si)中(zhong)全会(hui)作出全面深(shen)(shen)化改革(ge)(ge)、全面推进(jin)(jin)依法治国(guo)的(de)(de)重大战略部署,对(dui)深(shen)(shen)化医药(yao)卫生(sheng)体(ti)制改革(ge)(ge)、创新社会(hui)治理、促进(jin)(jin)人(ren)的(de)(de)全面发展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)提(ti)(ti)出明(ming)(ming)确(que)要求(qiu)。国(guo)务院强调把爱国(guo)卫生(sheng)工作深(shen)(shen)入持久(jiu)地开(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)下去,进(jin)(jin)一步(bu)提(ti)(ti)高(gao)群(qun)众的(de)(de)健康(kang)(kang)意识和健康(kang)(kang)水平。为贯(guan)彻(che)落(luo)实党的(de)(de)十八(ba)大、十八(ba)届三中(zhong)、四(si)中(zhong)全会(hui)精神(shen)和国(guo)务院决策部署,进(jin)(jin)一步(bu)加强新时(shi)期爱国(guo)卫生(sheng)工作,不断改善城(cheng)乡环境,提(ti)(ti)高(gao)人(ren)民(min)健康(kang)(kang)水平,推动(dong)经济社会(hui)协调发展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan),现提(ti)(ti)出以下意见:
 
  一、深刻(ke)认识(shi)新(xin)时期爱(ai)国卫生工作(zuo)的重要意义(yi)
 
  爱国卫(wei)生运(yun)(yun)动(dong)是党(dang)和(he)政(zheng)府把群(qun)众(zhong)路线运(yun)(yun)用于卫(wei)生防病工(gong)作的(de)(de)(de)(de)伟大(da)创举(ju)和(he)成(cheng)(cheng)功实践,是中国特(te)色社(she)会(hui)主(zhu)义事业的(de)(de)(de)(de)重要(yao)组(zu)成(cheng)(cheng)部分。长(zhang)期以(yi)来,在(zai)党(dang)和(he)政(zheng)府的(de)(de)(de)(de)坚强(qiang)领导下(xia),爱国卫(wei)生工(gong)作始终以(yi)解决人(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)群(qun)众(zhong)生产生活(huo)中的(de)(de)(de)(de)突出卫(wei)生问题为(wei)主(zhu)要(yao)内(nei)容,将我国的(de)(de)(de)(de)政(zheng)治优势(shi)、组(zu)织优势(shi)、文(wen)化优势(shi)转(zhuan)化为(wei)不断增进人(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)群(qun)众(zhong)健康福祉的(de)(de)(de)(de)具体行动(dong),有力(li)推动(dong)了全民(min)(min)族文(wen)明卫(wei)生素质的(de)(de)(de)(de)提高(gao),不断满足了人(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)群(qun)众(zhong)日益增长(zhang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)身心健康需(xu)求,赢得(de)了广大(da)群(qun)众(zhong)和(he)国际社(she)会(hui)的(de)(de)(de)(de)高(gao)度(du)评价。
 
  随着我(wo)国(guo)(guo)经济(ji)社(she)会快(kuai)速(su)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan),爱国(guo)(guo)卫(wei)(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)面(mian)临(lin)一些新(xin)(xin)情况、新(xin)(xin)问题。一是(shi)健(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)影响因素日(ri)(ri)益(yi)复杂。我(wo)国(guo)(guo)地(di)区、城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)乡(xiang)之间发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)不平(ping)(ping)衡,一些地(di)方卫(wei)(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)基础设(she)施不健(jian)全(quan)、环境卫(wei)(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)脏乱差(cha)的问题仍然比较(jiao)突出。同时,随着工(gong)(gong)(gong)业化(hua)进程加快(kuai),环境污染日(ri)(ri)益(yi)严(yan)(yan)重(zhong),食品、饮水安全(quan)问题时有发(fa)(fa)生(sheng)(sheng),群众(zhong)(zhong)生(sheng)(sheng)产生(sheng)(sheng)活(huo)方式(shi)(shi)发(fa)(fa)生(sheng)(sheng)了(le)很(hen)大(da)(da)变(bian)(bian)化(hua),影响健(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)的因素日(ri)(ri)益(yi)增多(duo)。二是(shi)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)卫(wei)(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)管理面(mian)临(lin)严(yan)(yan)峻(jun)挑(tiao)战。随着城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)镇化(hua)快(kuai)速(su)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan),大(da)(da)中城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)人(ren)口(kou)过(guo)快(kuai)增加、交通堵塞、公(gong)共(gong)服务不足、居民精神压(ya)力大(da)(da)等(deng)威胁健(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)的“城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)病(bing)”逐渐凸显,城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)卫(wei)(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)综(zong)合管理和服务能力难以适应(ying)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)需(xu)要,寓健(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)于(yu)所有公(gong)共(gong)政策的社(she)会大(da)(da)卫(wei)(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)格局尚未(wei)形成(cheng)。三是(shi)群众(zhong)(zhong)健(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)素养有待提升。随着生(sheng)(sheng)活(huo)水平(ping)(ping)显著(zhu)提升,人(ren)民群众(zhong)(zhong)对(dui)身(shen)心健(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)有了(le)更高期待,但权威、科学、准确的健(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)知识获取途径尚不通畅,健(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)教育的针对(dui)性(xing)(xing)和有效(xiao)性(xing)(xing)不强,吸烟、过(guo)量饮酒(jiu)、缺乏运(yun)动(dong)(dong)、膳食不合理等(deng)不健(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)生(sheng)(sheng)活(huo)方式(shi)(shi)较(jiao)为普遍(bian)。四是(shi)爱国(guo)(guo)卫(wei)(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)方式(shi)(shi)亟(ji)需(xu)改进。随着社(she)会结(jie)构变(bian)(bian)动(dong)(dong)和利益(yi)格局调整(zheng),人(ren)们的价(jia)值观念、行(xing)为方式(shi)(shi)发(fa)(fa)生(sheng)(sheng)巨(ju)大(da)(da)变(bian)(bian)化(hua),给(ji)传统爱国(guo)(guo)卫(wei)(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)方式(shi)(shi)带来很(hen)大(da)(da)挑(tiao)战。与新(xin)(xin)时期的要求(qiu)相比,爱国(guo)(guo)卫(wei)(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)还存在(zai)法制化(hua)水平(ping)(ping)不高、协调功能不充分、群众(zhong)(zhong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)方法有待创新(xin)(xin)、基层能力弱化(hua)等(deng)薄弱环节。
 
  做(zuo)好新(xin)(xin)时期的(de)爱国(guo)卫生(sheng)(sheng)工作(zuo)(zuo),是坚(jian)持以人为本(ben)、解决当前(qian)影响人民群众健康突出问题的(de)有效(xiao)途(tu)径,是改善环境、加强生(sheng)(sheng)态(tai)文明建设的(de)重要(yao)内容(rong),是建设健康中(zhong)国(guo)、全面建成小康社会的(de)必然要(yao)求(qiu)。各地(di)区、各部(bu)门要(yao)进一步(bu)提高对爱国(guo)卫生(sheng)(sheng)工作(zuo)(zuo)重要(yao)性(xing)的(de)认(ren)识,继承和(he)发(fa)扬爱国(guo)卫生(sheng)(sheng)运动优良传统(tong),适应(ying)新(xin)(xin)形势新(xin)(xin)任务,不断丰富工作(zuo)(zuo)内涵(han),完善工作(zuo)(zuo)机制,创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)工作(zuo)(zuo)方法,以改革(ge)创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)的(de)精(jing)神切实(shi)加强新(xin)(xin)时期爱国(guo)卫生(sheng)(sheng)工作(zuo)(zuo)。
 
  二、新时期(qi)爱国卫生工作的(de)指(zhi)导(dao)思想和总体目(mu)标
 
  (一(yi))指(zhi)导(dao)(dao)思(si)想(xiang)。以邓小(xiao)平理论(lun)、“三个代表”重(zhong)要思(si)想(xiang)、科(ke)学发(fa)展观为指(zhi)导(dao)(dao),深(shen)入贯彻落实(shi)党的(de)十(shi)八大和(he)十(shi)八届三中(zhong)、四中(zhong)全会精神,结合深(shen)化医(yi)药卫生体制(zhi)改(gai)革(ge),坚持政府领(ling)导(dao)(dao)、部门协(xie)作、群(qun)众动手、社会参与(yu)、依(yi)法治理、科(ke)学指(zhi)导(dao)(dao),全面推进(jin)改(gai)革(ge)创(chuang)新,充(chong)分发(fa)挥(hui)群(qun)众运动的(de)优势(shi),着力治理影(ying)响群(qun)众健(jian)康的(de)危害因素,不断改(gai)善城乡环境(jing),切实(shi)维护人(ren)民群(qun)众健(jian)康权益,为经济社会协(xie)调(diao)发(fa)展提供有力保障。
 
  (二)总体(ti)目标。通过广泛(fan)开展爱国卫生(sheng)(sheng)运动,城乡(xiang)环境(jing)(jing)卫生(sheng)(sheng)条件明(ming)(ming)显改善(shan),影响健(jian)(jian)康的主要(yao)环境(jing)(jing)危害(hai)因(yin)素得到有(you)(you)效治理;人民(min)群(qun)众文明(ming)(ming)卫生(sheng)(sheng)素质显著提升,健(jian)(jian)康生(sheng)(sheng)活(huo)方式广泛(fan)普及;有(you)(you)利(li)于健(jian)(jian)康的社(she)会环境(jing)(jing)和政(zheng)策环境(jing)(jing)进一(yi)步改善(shan),重(zhong)点传染病、慢性(xing)病、地(di)方病和精神疾病等(deng)公(gong)共卫生(sheng)(sheng)问(wen)题防控干预取得明(ming)(ming)显成效,城乡(xiang)居(ju)民(min)健(jian)(jian)康水平明(ming)(ming)显提高(gao)。
 
  三(san)、努力创造促(cu)进健康的良(liang)好环(huan)境
 
  (一(yi))深入(ru)开(kai)(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)城乡(xiang)环(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)卫(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)整洁(jie)行(xing)(xing)动。结合社(she)会主义新农(nong)(nong)村(cun)建(jian)设(she)(she)、美丽乡(xiang)村(cun)建(jian)设(she)(she)、改善农(nong)(nong)村(cun)人(ren)居(ju)环(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)和(he)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)社(she)区建(jian)设(she)(she)试点工作,以农(nong)(nong)村(cun)垃(la)圾(ji)污水(shui)处(chu)(chu)理(li)和(he)城市环(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)卫(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)薄弱地(di)段(duan)整治(zhi)(zhi)为(wei)重点,持续深入(ru)开(kai)(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)整洁(jie)行(xing)(xing)动,统(tong)筹治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)城乡(xiang)环(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)卫(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)问题。推行(xing)(xing)县域(yu)城乡(xiang)生(sheng)(sheng)活垃(la)圾(ji)和(he)污水(shui)统(tong)筹治(zhi)(zhi)理(li),实(shi)施统(tong)一(yi)规划、统(tong)一(yi)建(jian)设(she)(she)、统(tong)一(yi)管(guan)理(li)、统(tong)一(yi)运行(xing)(xing),有(you)条件的(de)地(di)方推进(jin)城镇垃(la)圾(ji)污水(shui)处(chu)(chu)理(li)设(she)(she)施和(he)服务(wu)向农(nong)(nong)村(cun)延伸(shen),不断提高对生(sheng)(sheng)活垃(la)圾(ji)和(he)污水(shui)进(jin)行(xing)(xing)处(chu)(chu)理(li)的(de)行(xing)(xing)政(zheng)村(cun)比例。推行(xing)(xing)垃(la)圾(ji)分类收(shou)集(ji)处(chu)(chu)理(li)和(he)资(zi)源(yuan)回(hui)收(shou)利(li)用(yong),逐(zhu)步(bu)实(shi)现垃(la)圾(ji)处(chu)(chu)理(li)减量化、资(zi)源(yuan)化、无(wu)(wu)害化。防治(zhi)(zhi)畜禽(qin)(qin)养(yang)殖污染,推进(jin)畜禽(qin)(qin)粪污综(zong)(zong)合治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)利(li)用(yong),加强病死畜禽(qin)(qin)无(wu)(wu)害化收(shou)集(ji)处(chu)(chu)理(li),规范(fan)农(nong)(nong)药(yao)包装物(wu)、农(nong)(nong)膜等废弃(qi)物(wu)处(chu)(chu)置,大(da)力推广秸(jie)秆(gan)综(zong)(zong)合利(li)用(yong),严禁秸(jie)秆(gan)随意焚烧。严格活禽(qin)(qin)市场准入(ru),监督规范(fan)活禽(qin)(qin)经营(ying)市场秩序,逐(zhu)步(bu)推行(xing)(xing)“禽(qin)(qin)类定点屠宰、白(bai)条禽(qin)(qin)上市”制(zhi)度。开(kai)(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)生(sheng)(sheng)态清(qing)洁(jie)型小流域(yu)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li),改善农(nong)(nong)村(cun)河(he)道水(shui)环(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)。以雾霾频(pin)发(fa)地(di)区为(wei)重点,坚持源(yuan)头管(guan)控,狠抓(zhua)细颗粒(li)物(wu)和(he)可吸入(ru)颗粒(li)物(wu)综(zong)(zong)合治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)。制(zhi)订或(huo)修订村(cun)规民约,落实(shi)清(qing)扫保洁(jie)制(zhi)度,组织开(kai)(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)义务(wu)劳动,清(qing)理(li)乱堆乱放,拆除违章(zhang)建(jian)筑,疏浚坑(keng)塘河(he)道,营(ying)造(zao)清(qing)洁(jie)有(you)序、健康宜居(ju)的(de)生(sheng)(sheng)产生(sheng)(sheng)活环(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)。
 
  (二)切(qie)实(shi)保(bao)障饮(yin)(yin)用水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)。建(jian)(jian)立(li)从水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)源(yuan)(yuan)地保(bao)护(hu)、自来水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)生(sheng)产(chan)到安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)供(gong)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)的(de)全(quan)(quan)(quan)程监管(guan)体系,强化(hua)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)质(zhi)检(jian)测(ce)监测(ce),确保(bao)饮(yin)(yin)用水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)。加强饮(yin)(yin)用水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)源(yuan)(yuan)保(bao)护(hu)和管(guan)理,开展饮(yin)(yin)用水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)源(yuan)(yuan)地规(gui)范化(hua)建(jian)(jian)设(she),实(shi)施水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)源(yuan)(yuan)保(bao)护(hu)区(qu)(qu)污染(ran)综合整治。加快全(quan)(quan)(quan)国城镇供(gong)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)设(she)施改(gai)造和建(jian)(jian)设(she),加强农(nong)村(cun)特别是重点寄生(sheng)虫病流行区(qu)(qu)和地方病病区(qu)(qu)饮(yin)(yin)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)工(gong)程建(jian)(jian)设(she),建(jian)(jian)立(li)健全(quan)(quan)(quan)供(gong)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)设(she)施维(wei)护(hu)的(de)长效机制,进(jin)一步提高供(gong)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)质(zhi)。在有条件的(de)地方,优先采(cai)取城镇供(gong)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)管(guan)网(wang)向(xiang)农(nong)村(cun)延伸或(huo)建(jian)(jian)设(she)跨村(cun)、跨乡镇连片(pian)集(ji)中(zhong)供(gong)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)工(gong)程等方式(shi),大力发展规(gui)模化(hua)集(ji)中(zhong)供(gong)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui),统筹解决农(nong)村(cun)学校的(de)饮(yin)(yin)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)问题(ti)。加强饮(yin)(yin)用水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)卫生(sheng)监测(ce)能力建(jian)(jian)设(she),抓紧(jin)建(jian)(jian)立(li)覆盖城乡的(de)饮(yin)(yin)用水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)卫生(sheng)监测(ce)网(wang)络,逐步实(shi)现地市(shi)级地区(qu)(qu)具备(bei)《生(sheng)活饮(yin)(yin)用水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)卫生(sheng)标(biao)准》(GB 5749-2006)规(gui)定的(de)全(quan)(quan)(quan)部106项水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)质(zhi)指标(biao)检(jian)测(ce)能力,县级地区(qu)(qu)具备(bei)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)质(zhi)常(chang)规(gui)指标(biao)的(de)检(jian)测(ce)能力。
 
  (三)加(jia)快农村(cun)改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)厕(ce)(ce)(ce)步伐(fa)。坚持因地(di)制(zhi)宜、集(ji)中(zhong)(zhong)连片、整(zheng)村(cun)推进(jin),加(jia)快农村(cun)无害(hai)化(hua)卫生(sheng)厕(ce)(ce)(ce)所建(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)进(jin)程(cheng),力争到2020年东部地(di)区和有(you)条件的(de)(de)中(zhong)(zhong)西部地(di)区基本完成(cheng)农村(cun)户(hu)厕(ce)(ce)(ce)无害(hai)化(hua)建(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)造(zao),有(you)效预(yu)防控制(zhi)肠道(dao)传染(ran)病、寄生(sheng)虫病的(de)(de)发生(sheng)流行。农村(cun)新建(jian)(jian)住(zhu)房和保障(zhang)性安居工程(cheng)等(deng)项目要(yao)配套建(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)无害(hai)化(hua)卫生(sheng)厕(ce)(ce)(ce)所,中(zhong)(zhong)小(xiao)学校、乡(xiang)镇卫生(sheng)院、社区综合(he)服(fu)(fu)务中(zhong)(zhong)心、集(ji)贸(mao)市场(chang)、乡(xiang)镇政(zheng)府机关等(deng)公共(gong)场(chang)所和旅游景点、铁(tie)路公路沿(yan)线要(yao)建(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)无害(hai)化(hua)卫生(sheng)公厕(ce)(ce)(ce)。加(jia)强改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)厕(ce)(ce)(ce)后续服(fu)(fu)务和管(guan)理,教育和引导(dao)农民使用卫生(sheng)厕(ce)(ce)(ce)所,建(jian)(jian)立卫生(sheng)厕(ce)(ce)(ce)所建(jian)(jian)、管(guan)、用并重的(de)(de)长效管(guan)理机制(zhi)。加(jia)强改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)厕(ce)(ce)(ce)适(shi)宜技(ji)术研究,在有(you)条件的(de)(de)农村(cun)地(di)区推广粪便统一收集(ji)、集(ji)中(zhong)(zhong)处(chu)理的(de)(de)“四格(ge)式生(sheng)态厕(ce)(ce)(ce)所”等(deng)新技(ji)术。发挥(hui)财政(zheng)资金的(de)(de)引导(dao)作用,合(he)理整(zheng)合(he)项目资源,有(you)效调动(dong)社会力量参与,形成(cheng)多方投入(ru)的(de)(de)改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)厕(ce)(ce)(ce)筹资模式。
 
  (四(si))科学预(yu)防(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)控制(zhi)病(bing)(bing)(bing)媒(mei)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)。建立健全病(bing)(bing)(bing)媒(mei)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)监测网络,定期开展监测调查,有针(zhen)对性地组织开展“除(chu)四(si)害”活动。实施以环(huan)境治理(li)为主的综合(he)预(yu)防(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)控制(zhi)策略,清(qing)除(chu)病(bing)(bing)(bing)媒(mei)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)孳生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)地,防(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)止(zhi)登革热、流(liu)行性出血(xue)热等(deng)病(bing)(bing)(bing)媒(mei)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)传播疾(ji)病(bing)(bing)(bing)的发(fa)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)流(liu)行。加强(qiang)(qiang)边境口岸病(bing)(bing)(bing)媒(mei)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)监测与预(yu)防(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)控制(zhi),最大限(xian)度防(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)止(zhi)病(bing)(bing)(bing)媒(mei)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)跨境传播。加强(qiang)(qiang)病(bing)(bing)(bing)媒(mei)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)预(yu)防(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)控制(zhi)药(yao)物(wu)(wu)、器(qi)械(xie)和(he)技术研究,完(wan)善管理(li)规(gui)范和(he)技术标准,提高预(yu)防(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)控制(zhi)效果,减(jian)少环(huan)境污染。病(bing)(bing)(bing)媒(mei)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)预(yu)防(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)控制(zhi)使(shi)用(yong)的药(yao)物(wu)(wu)、器(qi)械(xie)必须符合(he)国家的相关规(gui)定,严(yan)禁使(shi)用(yong)违(wei)禁药(yao)物(wu)(wu)。推进病(bing)(bing)(bing)媒(mei)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)预(yu)防(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)控制(zhi)服(fu)务市(shi)场(chang)化发(fa)展,规(gui)范服(fu)务行为。
 
  四、全(quan)面提高群众文(wen)明卫生(sheng)素质
 
  (一)加强健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)和(he)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)促进。培育(yu)(yu)(yu)和(he)践行(xing)(xing)社会主义核(he)心价值观,大力开(kai)(kai)展(zhan)讲卫(wei)生(sheng)、树新(xin)(xin)风(feng)、除(chu)陋习(xi)活动(dong)(dong),摒弃乱(luan)(luan)扔、乱(luan)(luan)吐、乱(luan)(luan)贴、乱(luan)(luan)行(xing)(xing)等不(bu)文(wen)明行(xing)(xing)为(wei),提高(gao)群众文(wen)明卫(wei)生(sheng)意识,营造(zao)社会和(he)谐(xie)、精(jing)神文(wen)明的(de)社会新(xin)(xin)风(feng)尚。加大新(xin)(xin)闻媒(mei)体(ti)(ti)(ti)无偿开(kai)(kai)展(zhan)卫(wei)生(sheng)防病(bing)知(zhi)识公(gong)益(yi)宣传(chuan)(chuan)力度,将健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)纳入国(guo)民(min)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)体(ti)(ti)(ti)系(xi),结合各(ge)类健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)主题日,组织开(kai)(kai)展(zhan)经(jing)常性(xing)宣传(chuan)(chuan)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)活动(dong)(dong)。创新(xin)(xin)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)的(de)方式和(he)载体(ti)(ti)(ti),充分利用互联网(wang)、移动(dong)(dong)客户(hu)端等新(xin)(xin)媒(mei)体(ti)(ti)(ti)传(chuan)(chuan)播健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)知(zhi)识,提高(gao)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)的(de)针对性(xing)、精(jing)准性(xing)和(he)实(shi)效性(xing)。加强健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)的(de)内容建设,组织发布科学(xue)防病(bing)知(zhi)识,及(ji)时(shi)监测纠正虚假(jia)错误信息,坚决取缔虚假(jia)药(yao)品等广告、打(da)(da)击不(bu)实(shi)和(he)牟(mou)利性(xing)误导宣传(chuan)(chuan)行(xing)(xing)为(wei)。继续实(shi)施健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)中国(guo)行(xing)(xing)、全民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)素养促进行(xing)(xing)动(dong)(dong)、全民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)生(sheng)活方式行(xing)(xing)动(dong)(dong)、全民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)科技行(xing)(xing)动(dong)(dong)等活动(dong)(dong),打(da)(da)造(zao)一批健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)的(de)品牌活动(dong)(dong)。医(yi)疗卫(wei)生(sheng)机(ji)构在提供(gong)诊(zhen)疗服务时(shi)要积极开(kai)(kai)展(zhan)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu),推(tui)动(dong)(dong)重点人(ren)群改变不(bu)良生(sheng)活习(xi)惯,形(xing)成健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)生(sheng)活方式。
 
  (二)推进全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)活(huo)动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)。建(jian)设健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)康步道(dao)、健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)康主题公园等支持(chi)性环境,改(gai)善城乡居民(min)运动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)条件(jian),提高(gao)公共体育设施(shi)(shi)的开(kai)放率(lv)和(he)利用率(lv),形(xing)成覆盖城乡比较健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)全(quan)的全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)公共服务(wu)体系(xi)。加强青少年体育工(gong)作,着力(li)(li)提高(gao)青少年体质,在(zai)政(zheng)策(ce)、措施(shi)(shi)上加大对(dui)青少年体质健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)康的扶持(chi)力(li)(li)度,学(xue)生在(zai)校期(qi)间(jian)每天至少参(can)加1小时的体育锻炼活(huo)动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)。加强职工(gong)体育,推动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)机关、企事业单(dan)位落(luo)实工(gong)间(jian)操制度,建(jian)立职工(gong)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)团队,开(kai)展符(fu)合(he)单(dan)位特(te)点的健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)和(he)竞赛活(huo)动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)。加强全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)科(ke)(ke)学(xue)研究,推广(guang)体质监测和(he)科(ke)(ke)学(xue)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)方法,指导个人根据体质和(he)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)康状况开(kai)展适合(he)的健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)活(huo)动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong),提高(gao)群众科(ke)(ke)学(xue)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)水平。开(kai)展形(xing)式(shi)多样的社区健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)活(huo)动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong),建(jian)立激励机制,引(yin)导和(he)鼓励群众经常、持(chi)久地参(can)加健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)活(huo)动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)。发挥(hui)中医治未病(bing)优(you)势,大力(li)(li)推广(guang)和(he)规范传统养生健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)活(huo)动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)。
 
  (三)落实控(kong)烟(yan)(yan)(yan)各(ge)项措施。积极开展(zhan)控(kong)烟(yan)(yan)(yan)宣传(chuan)教育,研究改(gai)进(jin)烟(yan)(yan)(yan)盒(he)健康警语和(he)标识,提高公(gong)(gong)众(zhong)对(dui)烟(yan)(yan)(yan)草危(wei)害的正确(que)认识,促(cu)进(jin)形成不吸(xi)烟(yan)(yan)(yan)、不敬(jing)烟(yan)(yan)(yan)、不劝烟(yan)(yan)(yan)的社会风气。各(ge)级领导干(gan)(gan)部要主动发挥带头表(biao)率作用,模范(fan)遵(zun)守公(gong)(gong)共(gong)场(chang)(chang)所(suo)禁烟(yan)(yan)(yan)规(gui)定(ding)。严格落实不向(xiang)未成年人(ren)售烟(yan)(yan)(yan)的有关法律规(gui)定(ding),将(jiang)青(qing)少年作为吸(xi)烟(yan)(yan)(yan)预(yu)防(fang)干(gan)(gan)预(yu)的重(zhong)点(dian)人(ren)群,努力减少新增吸(xi)烟(yan)(yan)(yan)人(ren)群。开展(zhan)戒(jie)(jie)烟(yan)(yan)(yan)咨询热线和(he)戒(jie)(jie)烟(yan)(yan)(yan)门(men)诊等服务,提高戒(jie)(jie)烟(yan)(yan)(yan)干(gan)(gan)预(yu)能力。认真履行《烟(yan)(yan)(yan)草控(kong)制框(kuang)架公(gong)(gong)约(yue)》,全面推行公(gong)(gong)共(gong)场(chang)(chang)所(suo)禁烟(yan)(yan)(yan),创建(jian)无烟(yan)(yan)(yan)医疗卫生机构(gou)、无烟(yan)(yan)(yan)学(xue)校(xiao)、无烟(yan)(yan)(yan)单位,努力建(jian)设无烟(yan)(yan)(yan)环(huan)境。
 
  五、积极推(tui)进(jin)社会卫(wei)生综合治(zhi)理
 
  (一)深入(ru)推进卫(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)城(cheng)镇(zhen)(zhen)创(chuang)(chuang)建(jian)(jian)。将卫(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)城(cheng)镇(zhen)(zhen)创(chuang)(chuang)建(jian)(jian)作为提(ti)高城(cheng)镇(zhen)(zhen)卫(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)管(guan)理水平的(de)(de)有效(xiao)载体,推动(dong)形(xing)成卫(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)计生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)、城(cheng)建(jian)(jian)、环(huan)(huan)保、交(jiao)通、农(nong)业(ye)、工商、食品(pin)药品(pin)监(jian)管(guan)等部门齐抓共管(guan)、全(quan)(quan)社会广泛(fan)参与的(de)(de)工作格局,加(jia)快卫(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)基础设(she)施建(jian)(jian)设(she),健(jian)全(quan)(quan)卫(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)管(guan)理长效(xiao)机(ji)制,有效(xiao)破解城(cheng)镇(zhen)(zhen)卫(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)管(guan)理难(nan)题。各地要根(gen)据实际情(qing)况,制定(ding)科学合(he)理的(de)(de)创(chuang)(chuang)建(jian)(jian)目标和(he)(he)实施方(fang)案,量力而行开展创(chuang)(chuang)建(jian)(jian)工作,提(ti)高卫(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)城(cheng)镇(zhen)(zhen)创(chuang)(chuang)建(jian)(jian)质量,避免“形(xing)象工程”等问(wen)题。加(jia)强对卫(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)城(cheng)镇(zhen)(zhen)创(chuang)(chuang)建(jian)(jian)的(de)(de)技术(shu)指导和(he)(he)监(jian)督管(guan)理,改进评(ping)价标准和(he)(he)办法,完善退出机(ji)制,对卫(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)城(cheng)镇(zhen)(zhen)实行动(dong)态管(guan)理。发挥卫(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)城(cheng)镇(zhen)(zhen)创(chuang)(chuang)建(jian)(jian)的(de)(de)典型(xing)示范作用(yong),带动(dong)城(cheng)乡(xiang)人居环(huan)(huan)境(jing)质量的(de)(de)整体提(ti)升(sheng)。争取(qu)到2020年,国家卫(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)城(cheng)市数(shu)量提(ti)高到全(quan)(quan)国城(cheng)市总数(shu)的(de)(de)40%,国家卫(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)乡(xiang)镇(zhen)(zhen)(县城(cheng))数(shu)量提(ti)高到全(quan)(quan)国乡(xiang)镇(zhen)(zhen)(县城(cheng))总数(shu)的(de)(de)5%。
 
  (二)探索开展(zhan)(zhan)健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)城(cheng)市(shi)(shi)建(jian)设(she)(she)。结(jie)合(he)推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)新型城(cheng)镇(zhen)化建(jian)设(she)(she),鼓励(li)和支持(chi)开展(zhan)(zhan)健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)城(cheng)市(shi)(shi)建(jian)设(she)(she),努力(li)打造(zao)卫(wei)(wei)生城(cheng)镇(zhen)升级版,促进(jin)(jin)城(cheng)市(shi)(shi)建(jian)设(she)(she)与(yu)人的(de)(de)健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)协调发展(zhan)(zhan)。根据城(cheng)市(shi)(shi)发展(zhan)(zhan)实际(ji)(ji),编(bian)制健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)城(cheng)市(shi)(shi)发展(zhan)(zhan)规(gui)划,围绕营(ying)造(zao)健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)环境、构建(jian)健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)社会(hui)、培育健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)人群等(deng)重(zhong)点(dian),将健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)政策相(xiang)关(guan)内容纳入城(cheng)市(shi)(shi)规(gui)划、市(shi)(shi)政建(jian)设(she)(she)、道路交通、社会(hui)保障等(deng)各项公(gong)共政策并保障落(luo)实。紧(jin)密结(jie)合(he)深(shen)化医(yi)改,不断优化健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)服(fu)(fu)务,大(da)力(li)推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)基本公(gong)共卫(wei)(wei)生服(fu)(fu)务均等(deng)化,促进(jin)(jin)卫(wei)(wei)生服(fu)(fu)务模(mo)式(shi)(shi)从(cong)疾病管理向健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)管理转变。推(tui)(tui)动健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)城(cheng)市(shi)(shi)理念进(jin)(jin)社区(qu)、进(jin)(jin)学(xue)校、进(jin)(jin)企业、进(jin)(jin)机关(guan)、进(jin)(jin)营(ying)院(yuan),提高社会(hui)参与(yu)程度。借鉴国际(ji)(ji)经验,建(jian)立(li)适合(he)我国国情的(de)(de)健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)城(cheng)市(shi)(shi)建(jian)设(she)(she)指标和评(ping)价体系(xi),组织第三(san)方专业机构开展(zhan)(zhan)建(jian)设(she)(she)效果评(ping)价,研究推(tui)(tui)广健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)城(cheng)市(shi)(shi)建(jian)设(she)(she)的(de)(de)有效模(mo)式(shi)(shi)。
 
  六、提高爱国卫生工作(zuo)水(shui)平
 
  (一(yi))积极(ji)发(fa)(fa)挥爱(ai)(ai)国(guo)卫生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)运动(dong)(dong)在(zai)疾病(bing)防(fang)(fang)控中(zhong)的(de)(de)统筹(chou)协(xie)调作(zuo)(zuo)用。在(zai)传染病(bing)、地方病(bing)、慢性病(bing)、精神疾病(bing)等(deng)(deng)疾病(bing)防(fang)(fang)控工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)中(zhong),要充分发(fa)(fa)挥各(ge)级爱(ai)(ai)国(guo)卫生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)运动(dong)(dong)委员会(hui)的(de)(de)组织协(xie)调作(zuo)(zuo)用,推动(dong)(dong)相(xiang)关部门(men)各(ge)负其责、协(xie)作(zuo)(zuo)配合(he),共(gong)(gong)同落实传染源(yuan)管(guan)理、危险(xian)因素控制、防(fang)(fang)病(bing)知识(shi)普(pu)及、社会(hui)心(xin)理支持等(deng)(deng)综合(he)防(fang)(fang)控措(cuo)施。落实预(yu)(yu)防(fang)(fang)为主(zhu)的(de)(de)方针,根据疾病(bing)流行规(gui)律和(he)研判情(qing)况,发(fa)(fa)挥爱(ai)(ai)国(guo)卫生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)的(de)(de)独特优(you)势,及早(zao)动(dong)(dong)员部署,调动(dong)(dong)各(ge)方力量,从源(yuan)头上(shang)控制疾病(bing)的(de)(de)发(fa)(fa)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)与传播。坚(jian)持群(qun)防(fang)(fang)群(qun)控,发(fa)(fa)挥乡镇(zhen)(街道)、城(cheng)乡社区、机关、企事业单位等(deng)(deng)基(ji)层爱(ai)(ai)国(guo)卫生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)机构队伍的(de)(de)群(qun)众(zhong)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)优(you)势,强化专业防(fang)(fang)控和(he)群(qun)众(zhong)参(can)与的(de)(de)协(xie)作(zuo)(zuo)配合(he),形成共(gong)(gong)同防(fang)(fang)治疾病(bing)、促(cu)进健康的(de)(de)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)格(ge)局。协(xie)调做(zuo)好突发(fa)(fa)公共(gong)(gong)卫生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)事件处置、重(zhong)大(da)疫(yi)情(qing)防(fang)(fang)控、大(da)型活动(dong)(dong)卫生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)防(fang)(fang)疫(yi)保障(zhang)等(deng)(deng)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)。在(zai)重(zhong)大(da)自然灾害应对中(zhong)组织开展环境和(he)饮用水消毒、食(shi)品安全保障(zhang)、病(bing)媒生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物预(yu)(yu)防(fang)(fang)控制和(he)垃圾粪便收集处理等(deng)(deng)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo),确保大(da)灾之后(hou)无(wu)大(da)疫(yi)。
 
  (二)提(ti)高爱(ai)国(guo)卫生(sheng)(sheng)工作依(yi)法(fa)(fa)科学治(zhi)(zhi)理水平。深入开(kai)(kai)展(zhan)政(zheng)策(ce)研究(jiu),注重经验(yan)总结,提(ti)炼工作规(gui)(gui)律(lv)(lv),形成可(ke)推(tui)(tui)广的爱(ai)国(guo)卫生(sheng)(sheng)理论成果。适应新(xin)的形势(shi)需(xu)要,研究(jiu)推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)爱(ai)国(guo)卫生(sheng)(sheng)相(xiang)(xiang)关(guan)立(li)法(fa)(fa)工作,将(jiang)实(shi)(shi)践证明行之有效的经验(yan)和好的做法(fa)(fa)及时上升(sheng)为(wei)法(fa)(fa)律(lv)(lv),进(jin)(jin)一(yi)步完善法(fa)(fa)律(lv)(lv)法(fa)(fa)规(gui)(gui)制(zhi)度和标准体系。贯彻实(shi)(shi)施传染(ran)病(bing)防治(zhi)(zhi)法(fa)(fa)等(deng)法(fa)(fa)律(lv)(lv)法(fa)(fa)规(gui)(gui),切实(shi)(shi)采取措施将(jiang)各项法(fa)(fa)律(lv)(lv)制(zhi)度落到(dao)实(shi)(shi)处,提(ti)高依(yi)法(fa)(fa)行政(zheng)、依(yi)法(fa)(fa)治(zhi)(zhi)理水平。加强(qiang)爱(ai)国(guo)卫生(sheng)(sheng)相(xiang)(xiang)关(guan)法(fa)(fa)律(lv)(lv)法(fa)(fa)规(gui)(gui)普法(fa)(fa)教育,推(tui)(tui)动领(ling)导干部、工作人(ren)员和广大群众(zhong)自觉守法(fa)(fa)。加强(qiang)信息化(hua)建设,推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)爱(ai)国(guo)卫生(sheng)(sheng)相(xiang)(xiang)关(guan)基(ji)础数据在部门间(jian)信息共享(xiang),强(qiang)化(hua)信息资源开(kai)(kai)发利(li)用。开(kai)(kai)展(zhan)国(guo)际(ji)交流与合作,学习借鉴健康(kang)管理、健康(kang)促进(jin)(jin)等(deng)方面的先进(jin)(jin)理念和技(ji)术(shu),推(tui)(tui)介我国(guo)爱(ai)国(guo)卫生(sheng)(sheng)运动取得的成绩。
 
  (三)改革创(chuang)新动(dong)(dong)员(yuan)群(qun)众的(de)(de)方(fang)(fang)式(shi)方(fang)(fang)法。建立政府和(he)(he)市场有(you)机(ji)结合的(de)(de)机(ji)制,通过政府转移职能和(he)(he)购买服(fu)务等(deng)方(fang)(fang)式(shi),鼓(gu)励和(he)(he)吸引社(she)会力(li)量参(can)与环境整治(zhi)、改水改厕、病媒生(sheng)物预防控制、健(jian)康教(jiao)育(yu)等(deng)工作(zuo)。改进爱国卫生(sheng)活(huo)动(dong)(dong)形(xing)(xing)式(shi)和(he)(he)内容,动(dong)(dong)员(yuan)单位(wei)、社(she)会组(zu)织和(he)(he)个(ge)人通过捐赠、创(chuang)办服(fu)务机(ji)构(gou)、提供志(zhi)愿(yuan)服(fu)务、参(can)加义务劳动(dong)(dong)等(deng)方(fang)(fang)式(shi),参(can)与爱国卫生(sheng)公益活(huo)动(dong)(dong)。探索推广(guang)居民健(jian)康自(zi)我(wo)(wo)(wo)管(guan)理(li)小(xiao)组(zu)、病友互助(zhu)小(xiao)组(zu)、健(jian)身小(xiao)组(zu)、社(she)区健(jian)康讲堂等(deng)有(you)效形(xing)(xing)式(shi),发挥(hui)群(qun)众组(zu)织在自(zi)我(wo)(wo)(wo)教(jiao)育(yu)、自(zi)我(wo)(wo)(wo)管(guan)理(li)、自(zi)我(wo)(wo)(wo)服(fu)务等(deng)方(fang)(fang)面的(de)(de)积极作(zuo)用,为广(guang)大群(qun)众开(kai)展自(zi)我(wo)(wo)(wo)健(jian)康管(guan)理(li)搭建平台、提供便利。大力(li)宣传典型事(shi)迹(ji)和(he)(he)先进经(jing)验,按照国家有(you)关规(gui)定(ding)(ding)对作(zuo)出(chu)(chu)突(tu)出(chu)(chu)贡(gong)献的(de)(de)单位(wei)和(he)(he)个(ge)人予以表彰奖(jiang)励,营造良(liang)好(hao)社(she)会氛围(wei)。坚持(chi)开(kai)展爱国卫生(sheng)月(yue)活(huo)动(dong)(dong),每年确定(ding)(ding)一个(ge)主题(ti),推动(dong)(dong)解(jie)决1-2个(ge)社(she)会关注(zhu)、群(qun)众关心的(de)(de)突(tu)出(chu)(chu)卫生(sheng)问题(ti)。
 
  (四)加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)组织领导。各级人(ren)民政(zheng)府要(yao)(yao)(yao)将爱国卫生(sheng)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)为一项(xiang)(xiang)重(zhong)要(yao)(yao)(yao)民生(sheng)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng),纳入经(jing)济社会(hui)(hui)发展规划(hua),列入政(zheng)府重(zhong)要(yao)(yao)(yao)议事(shi)日(ri)程(cheng),定期(qi)研(yan)究解(jie)决(jue)爱国卫生(sheng)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)中(zhong)的(de)重(zhong)大问题。各级爱国卫生(sheng)运动(dong)委员会(hui)(hui)要(yao)(yao)(yao)研(yan)究制订爱国卫生(sheng)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)规划(hua),每年召开会(hui)(hui)议,制订年度(du)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)计(ji)划(hua),研(yan)究部(bu)署重(zhong)要(yao)(yao)(yao)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)任(ren)务。各成员单位要(yao)(yao)(yao)加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)部(bu)门(men)联动(dong),按(an)照职(zhi)责(ze)(ze)分工(gong)(gong)(gong)落实(shi)年度(du)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)计(ji)划(hua)和(he)重(zhong)点(dian)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)任(ren)务,形成推进工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)的(de)整体(ti)合力(li)。各地要(yao)(yao)(yao)加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)爱国卫生(sheng)运动(dong)委员会(hui)(hui)建(jian)设,健全爱国卫生(sheng)组织体(ti)系,特别要(yao)(yao)(yao)加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)基层工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)能力(li)建(jian)设,确保事(shi)有(you)人(ren)干、责(ze)(ze)有(you)人(ren)负。中(zhong)央财政(zheng)继续(xu)通过现(xian)行专项(xiang)(xiang)转移支(zhi)付方式给予必要(yao)(yao)(yao)支(zhi)持。加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)人(ren)员培训和(he)队伍建(jian)设,推进目标管理和(he)责(ze)(ze)任(ren)制考核,不断提高工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)水平。
 
  全国(guo)(guo)爱国(guo)(guo)卫生运动委员(yuan)会(hui)办公(gong)室要(yao)会(hui)同有关部门加强(qiang)督(du)(du)导(dao)检查,掌握工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)进展(zhan),定期交流信(xin)息,督(du)(du)促各项工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)落到实处(chu)。对工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)突出、成(cheng)效明显的(de)(de)(de),要(yao)给予表扬;对工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)不力的(de)(de)(de),要(yao)及时督(du)(du)促整改。各地要(yao)加强(qiang)对爱国(guo)(guo)卫生工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)的(de)(de)(de)考核(he),考核(he)结果作(zuo)为综合考核(he)评价(jia)领(ling)导(dao)班子和有关领(ling)导(dao)干(gan)部的(de)(de)(de)重要(yao)依据。要(yao)畅通监(jian)督(du)(du)渠道,主动接受社会(hui)和公(gong)众监(jian)督(du)(du),认真梳理(li)、整改群众反映的(de)(de)(de)问题,不断(duan)提高群众对爱国(guo)(guo)卫生工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)的(de)(de)(de)满意度。
 
                              国务(wu)院
                            2014年(nian)12月23日
版权所有:幸运赛车开奖结果